Migraine is a medical condition defined by serious pain experienced on one, and occasionally both, sides of the head. The pain is generally in the front, around the temples, or behind one eye or ear. As well having pain, people with a migraine headache may have sickness and vomiting, and be very delicate to light and sound.
It’s the 2nd most common headache syndrome in the U.S. (behind stress headaches). It’s calculable that nearly twenty-eight million Americans have this case of headache and 157 million workdays annually are lost due to the headaches’ rigor. Nearly half of all the calculated migraine sufferers are either undiagnosed or untreated.
Although both men and women can have these headaches, about 3 out of every 4 people who have them are women. Most frequently, they affect people between the ages of fifteen and fifty-five. They frequently improve as the person ages. Even so, at this time, there’s no cure.
There are actually many different types of migraines. The two most average types are migraine with aura and migraine without aura. On a migraine with aura, a individual has visual symptoms (also called an “aura”) 10 to 30 minutes before an migraine attack. During a migraine without aura, a person doesn’t have an aura but does have the other symptoms.
Several other less-common types include:
Basilar artery migraine
Benign exertional headache
Migraine aura without headache
Migraine Causes and Migraine Triggers
Researchers are unclear about the exact cause or causes of these headaches. There appears to be general agreement, however, that a primal element is blood flow changes in the brain.
Other possible migraine causes may include:
Imbalances of brain chemicals
Also, while the direct cause is unknown, at that place are frequently controllable and uncontrollable migraine triggers. The most common ones are stress, anxiety, hormones, not eating, and weather changes. Positive types of food could as well play a role.
Symptoms of a Migraine
The pain of a migraine headache is frequently described as an vivid pulsing or throbbing pain in one side of the head. It’s frequently accompanied by extreme sensibility to light and sound, sickness and vomiting, or loss of appetite.
These symptoms are potential regardless of whether a individual is feeling classic or common migraines. Even so, a individual with classic migraines also feels an “aura” just before the headache begins. To simplify terminology, healthcare providers at once refer to classic migraines as “migraines with aura” and common migraines as “migraines without aura.”
Both classic and common symptoms could strike as frequently as few times a week or as rarely as once every few years. More than 50 percent of people experience no more than one headache per week. A migraine can occur any time of the day, though it frequently starts in the morning. The pain can last a couple of hours or up to one or two days.